Have you every wondered why foods, particularly fruits and vegetables have different colours? So did I, until I researched the common substances within food similar in colour. Nutrition Australia, n.d., lists a few examples of the substances in particular coloured fruit. Using this knowledge you can tailor your diet with specific fruit and vegetables for different purposes. However I recommend, as well as Nutrition Australia, to eat a ‘rainbow’ of different coloured fruits and vegetables for a balanced diet.
Red fruits and vegetables are coloured by a natural pigment called Lycopene. Lycopene is found to two major benefits including its powerful antioxidant levels that can help reduce the risk of cancer as well as keeping your heart healthy.
Purple and blue fruits and vegetables consist of a pigment called Anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is also seem to have a high antioxidant levels that can protect cells from damage and also prevent cancer and heart disease. Anthocyanin is often seen as more powerful than Lycopene depending on the amount of the fruit of vegetable.
Orange and yellow fruits and vegetables are found to consist of carotenoids, often found in sweet potatoes pumpkins and carrots. This pigment can only be beneficially be used once converted into vitamin A in the digestive system. This helps maintain healthy mucous membranes and healthy eyes. Another carotenoid called Lutein is stored in the eye and is found to prevent cataracts and age related muscular degeneration, which can eventually lead to blindness.
Green coloured fruits and vegetables contain a range of phytochemicals including carotenoids which have cancer preventing properties. Spinach and broccoli or excellent examples of this and also contain high levels of folate.
White and brown fruit and vegetables also contain a range of phytochemicals such as Allicin (usually found in garlic) which is known for its anti-viral and bacterial properties. Many members of this colour also contain a lot of potassium such as bananas and potatoes.
The next time you go grocery shopping try to include as many fruits in different colours as possible so as to promote a healthier lifestyle. By letting God into your life He will also help you to live abundantly as said in 2 Corinthians 9:8
And God is able to bless you abundantly, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.